The U.S. Senate is deeply troubled: In American weapons systems, large quantities of counterfeit electronic parts have been installed,Karen Millen Dress
most of them coming from China. Experts fear that cheap commodity refused on the battlefield - a potentially deadly threat to the soldiers.
Counterfeit electronic components are an annoyance for home users, for soldiers, they are a potentially lethal hazard. A report of the U.S. Senate has now revealed that a flood of inferior goods will find their way into U.S. weapons systems - most parts are from China.
"Deeply troubling" was what they had found there,Karen Millen Dresses U.S. Senator Carl Levin said as early as last November. The U.S. Government Accountability Office GAO had previously purchased a shell company 16 electronic components for weapons systems in 13 Chinese suppliers. The result: All 16 pieces were fakes. Seven of them come in under the other aircraft like the F-15 fighter jet and the tilt rotor V-22 truck to use.
Now the U.S. Senate has introduced a new, much larger report. In a two-year period from 2009 to 2010, a five-member team had examined the procurement of military material. "The problem of counterfeit parts in the military supply chain is widely distributed," says the Committee on Armed Services of the U.S. Senate in the most official jargon. In other words, there is poor quality chips,Karen Millen wherever you look.
The examiner would have considered only a part of the supply chain and discovered there already about 1,800 parts, which were probably forged. These consisted of various components in turn. At the end of about a million suspicious items were gathered.
"China is the epicenter of the global trade in fakes"
At 126 in 1800, the researchers looked suspicious components closer - and it quickly became apparent where the goods were mostly junk: "China is the epicenter of the global trade in fakes," says the 122-page report. Therefore,Karen Millen Dress there is "overwhelming and indisputable evidence."
The Committee strongly criticizes in Beijing: "The Chinese government is doing nothing against the business of counterfeiting, which is operated openly in the country." More than 70 percent of the 126 parts you have tracked more accurately traced to China. In second place followed by the UK with a market share of eleven percent and Canada with nine percent.
The report says the junk goods put some in multi-million dollar weapon systems - including the attack helicopter AH-64 "Apache", the Marine helicopter SH-60B "Seahawk", in various transport aircraft and even in the mission computer of the "THAAD" missile, a major component of the U.S. defense system against nuclear ballistic missiles.
The report lists some examples in detail:
■ In the Navy SH-60B helicopter were found counterfeit parts in infrared aiming devices. If they fail, the pilot can use it in a battle his "Hellfire" missiles no longer identify targets at night no more or hazard.
■ In transport aircraft of the types C-130J "Hercules" and C-27J "Spartan" and the Marine transport helicopter CH-46 "Sea Knight" fake components have been used in screens that the condition of the engines, fuel consumption and the current location . inform The manufacturer of the chips, a company in Shenzhen, China has delivered according to the Senate report, probably about 84,000 counterfeit electronic components to the Pentagon. "Many of these parts were installed in military aircraft."
■ The P-8A "Poseidon", a converted for ship and submarine combat Boeing 737 is affected. 2009 ice detector flew aboard a Boeing machine just out of its holder. Only one and a half years later, in August 2011, Boeing warned that the U.S. Navy. Apparently a Chinese supplier had used parts sold as new.
Of the inferior parts can expect great dangers. Military parts, it is said in the report, would have some work in larger temperature range than industrial or commercial components. Among the sometimes extreme conditions of the battlefield can be a lifesaver for soldiers.
Russian roulette under combat conditions
"Counterfeiters often remove the part number of the manufacturer," the report said. "Such components can provide basic exams, but fail in the field when they extreme temperatures or other stresses." The Senate cited the president of industry association Semiconductor Industry Association as saying that the use of forged components in the military was "Russian roulette": Just in the battle - the moment of greatest stress - could set inferior parts of the service.
The U.S. Senate also prompted a closer examination of the suspect parts in 1800 by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), which is responsible for the missile defense system. The results were startling. The MDA was able to identify the performance class of around 60 percent of the 1,800 components. Only 20 percent were therefore suitable for military use. 50 percent were intended only for industrial and 30 percent for commercial use or may be even lower quality.
The MDA came across another piquant detail. At 1500 the 1,800 suspected components they could get the production status of experience. The result: 30 percent of the parts were manufactured in May 2011 even more. In addition, many companies relate to the supply chain of the military source from independent suppliers - rather than the original manufacturer or authorized distributor. "And this despite the danger of buying counterfeit parts from independent suppliers is far greater," criticized the Senate committee. In addition, the almost unmanageable number of suppliers come: in 1800 alone, the suspect parts came from more than 650 companies, each of which in turn have a whole network of suppliers.
The judgment of the Senate Committee fails devastating: The investigations "have exposed a supply chain that relies on purchase of electronic components for our most sensitive defense systems on hundreds of untested companies." This leads to an "unacceptable risk to national security and the safety of U.S. military spending."
Hardly surprising that appears, for purchase under increasing time and cost pressures, the armed forces of many countries more and more material from commercial vendors rather than developing their own money for more equipment. This also applies to rich industrial nations like the U.S. - where do ordinary about in helicopters iPads and Smartphones service.