The EM-host country Poland is booming thanks to a rigorous modernization course. But the upturn requires sacrifices.Karen Millen Dress
Many people feel let down, old people complain about low pensions, rising rents make life more expensive. The anger grows
Her face is furrowed with hundreds of small wrinkles,Karen Millen Dresses but as a poor woman does not look like Barbara Przybyz. The 83-year-old wears a neat perm and a purple and white blouse, her arms dangling over a black handbag. She worked as a front-line employees at a large bank in Wroclaw, she says. Much remained to her is not the age. A mere 1,000 zloty pension she receives each month - the equivalent of just over 250 €. "Without the financial support of my daughter I could not survive."
It's a hot day in mid May. Barbara came by bus from Wroclaw to Warsaw to protest against the Polish parliament. The trip was organized by the Solidarity trade union. The legendary professional organization that once operational the fall of the communist regime, has hierhergekarrt few hundred people from all over Poland. They should demonstrate against the planned pension reform, which the deputies in the Sejm will decide inside a little later.
The government of Prime Minister Donald Tusk wants to raise the retirement age from 65 years in men and 60 years for women to 67 - part of the modernization policy, the Liberal lead their country has enacted several years and for which it internationally get a lot of praise.
Poland has been so well during the financial crisis than any other country in Europe. The economy is growing steadily and has produced a reasonably prosperous middle class. The European Football Championships, which will be opened here in Warsaw, should give further impetus to the country.
But not everyone benefits from the economic miracle on the Vistula. There are also many losers. These include people who are dependent on the state: pensioners, nurses. Their incomes keep pace with the boom did not cooperate.
Poland is becoming west - especially in big cities - and richer. But at the same time there is a gap between those who benefit from the modernization - and those who remain behind. "The layer of those who have missed the connection is getting bigger,"Karen Millen says Cornelius Ochman, Poland expert at the Bertelsmann Foundation.
Thus, the Solidarity struggle no longer against communism, but against the collateral damage of capitalism.
"The pope shows us the way"
She was joined in 1980, Solidarity, Karen Millen Dress told Barbara Przybyz, immediately after the creation. "I had hoped it would be possible to oust the Communists and to lead a dignified life." But the current Liberal government is just like the communists: they despise the ordinary people.
In Solidarity is still a bit much differently than in Western European labor unions. Many members elect conservative. During the rally is in front of the Parliament prayed regularly. A man wearing a wooden cross in front of them - about a card with the photo of the late Polish Pope John Paul II and the words "God, Honor, Country." The IG Metall would probably look something like this in vain.
"The Pope has us going," says another man, it must go back to values ??such as honesty, which had been lost in the new Poland. His name will not name the man. But he says he works in a factory in Wroclaw and manufactures refrigerators for an American company. "Two more years, I have until retirement," he said. Then he'll probably get about 800 zloty a month - over 200 €.
"I do not see that I get so little pension, only because the communists ruined the economy," complains the man, brandishing his hands in the air. He is wearing a beige baseball cap, jacket over his training he had drawn a white camisole Solidarity. And now the Liberal government would still want his children to work longer - just to get after an equally miserable pension as he was. "The common people are the losers," he says. "The whole policy of liberalization, it is worse to them."
The body was burned in the forest of the tenant
The anger runs deep among those who feel left behind - and not a few. In the economic boom of recent years, unemployment has fallen, but it is around ten percent are still comparatively high. According to the latest data from the European statistics agency Eurostat 2010, more than 17 percent of Poles were at risk of poverty. For comparison, in neighboring Czech Republic, there were only nine percent.
Noticeable in the social gradient makes for example, in Prague. The district in the east of Warsaw, very close to the new Fu?balllstadions, modernization had long forgotten. Here were the poorer segments of the population live in cheap run-down urban housing - up to three years.
"In 2009 there was a huge jump in rents," says Jakub Gawlikowski by the Committee to strengthen the rights of tenants. "Suddenly, the homes were more expensive by 200 or 300 percent. Many of the old inhabitants could not pay more and have been shown the door."
Jakub then co-founded with other people from the district the tenants committee. They wanted to do something about the perceived injustice of them, organized sit-ins at forced evictions and set up a helpline for tenants. The small room is on the ground floor of a dilapidated building. Outside the crumbling plaster of the wall, inside there are two tattered couches, a couple of old chairs with floral patterns, a wooden table and two chairs. On the wall are posters of protest, where people stretch their fists toward the sky - and two black and white photos of a woman.
"A former tenant," says Jacob. "She was the last in her house and has resisted, as they kick the new owners wanted." Last year they had found in the forest burned. Suicide, say the authorities. Jakub and his colleagues do not believe it.
Jacob, a young man with curly brown hair and hooded sweatshirt, sits on one of the two sofas, beside him, an older gentleman with gray hair and black mustache: Marek Jasinski, also belongs to his committee. Together, the two desperate advise tenants who face eviction. "There are always more," says Marek. 200 people a month now sought help here.
Soon there could be more. Because the government is planning a new law that will facilitate evictions, when municipal buildings will be transferred to their former owners. After the Second World War, the Polish government had expropriated many landowners and built on the new land, communal houses. For several years, report more and more former owner and want their land - along with the houses. The city of Warsaw, it transmits them and other private investors. Thus, from local private homes, with all its consequences.
"If the new owner raised the prices, the old tenant land under the bridge," says Marek. Only the poorest of the poor to sell the city to another apartment. The rest would have to see where they remain. That stems from the fact that for many years to build enough public housing. "The idea of ??social housing is perverted," he grumbles.
Here in Prague we see the social change the country with all its conflicts. Amid crumbling old buildings new apartments are being built for the affluent middle class. Right across from the dilapidated buildings of the tenants committee now a glass palace was erected. In the office building resides just a financial newspaper - the name: "Pulse of Business" - on the pulse of the economy.